Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC VCU TRD 2019.2 - PCIe

Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC VCU TRD 2019.2 - PCIe


Table of Contents

1 Overview

The primary goal of this Design is to demonstrate the file-based VCU transcode, encode and decode capabilities over PCIe present in Zynq UltraScale+ EV devices.


This design supports the following interfaces:

VCU Codec:

  • Video Encode/Decode capability using VCU hard block in PL 
    • AVC/HEVC encoding.
    • Encoder/decoder parameter configuration.

Communication Interface:

  • PCIe

Video format:

  • NV12
  • NV16 (Only for transcode and decode use case)

Supported Resolution:

The table below provides the supported resolution from the command line app only in this design.

Resolution
Command Line
Single Stream
4kp60
4kp30
1080p60
1080p30
720p30


√ - Supported
NA – Not applicable
x – Not supported


Hardware Overview

This Design uses the PCI Express (PCIe®) Endpoint block in an x4 Gen3 configuration along with DMA/Bridge Subsystem for PCI Express for data transfers between the host system memory and the Endpoint.

The DMA/Bridge Subsystem for PCI Express provides protocol conversion between PCIe TLPs(Transaction Layer Packets) and AXI transactions. The hardware SGL(Scatter-gather List) DMA interface is exercised to handle buffer management at the Endpoint to enable the memory-mapped interface.

The downstream AXI4-Lite slaves include userspace registers, responsible for the handshaking mechanism between host and the endpoint.

In the system to card direction, the DMA block moves data from the host memory to the PL-side through PCIe and then writes the data to PS-DDR via the AXI-MM interface. Then VCU IP reads data from PS-DDR, performs Video encoding/decoding and writes it back to the same memory. Lastly, in card to system direction, DMA reads PS-DDR via the AXI-MM interface and writes to host system memory through PCIe.

Figure 1: VCU PCIe Hardware Block Diagram

Components, Features, and Functions

4-lane integrated PCIe block with a maximum link speed of 8 GT/s (GT/s is Giga Transfers per second)

  • 128-bit at 250 MHz

 DMA/Bridge Subsystem for PCIe

  • AXI Memory-mapped enabled
  • One of each DMA Read (H2C) & DMA write (C2H) channels

Apart from PCIe related IPs, the design contains VCU IP.


Software 

The below figure shows the PCIe software block diagram

1.1 Board Setup

Refer below link for Board Setup


1.2 Run Flow

The TRD package is released with the source code, Vivado project, Petalinux BSP, host software required for PCIe and SD card image that enables the user to run the demonstration. It also includes the binaries necessary to configure and boot the ZCU106 board. Prior to running the steps mentioned in this wiki page, download the TRD package and extract its contents to a directory referred to as ‘TRD_HOME' which is the home directory.

Refer below link to download all TRD contents.

TRD package contents are placed in the following directory structure. 

rdf0428-zcu106-vcu-trd-2019-2
├── apu
│   └── vcu_petalinux_bsp
├── images
│   ├── vcu_10g
│   ├── vcu_audio
│   ├── vcu_hdmi_multistream_xv20
│   ├── vcu_hdmi_rx
│   ├── vcu_hdmi_tx
│   ├── vcu_llp2_hdmi_nv12
│   ├── vcu_llp2_hdmi_nv16
│   ├── vcu_llp2_hdmi_xv20
│   ├── vcu_llp2_sdi_xv20
│   ├── vcu_multistream_nv12
│   ├── vcu_pcie
│   ├── vcu_sdirx
│   ├── vcu_sditx
│   └── vcu_sdi_xv20
├── pcie_host_package
│   ├── COPYING
│   ├── etc
│   ├── include
│   ├── libxdma
│   ├── LICENSE
│   ├── README.md
│   ├── tools
│   └── xdma
├── pl
│   ├── constrs
│   ├── designs
│   ├── prebuild
│   ├── README.md
│   └── srcs
└── README.txt 

HOST PACKAGE

The PCIe HOST application(pcie_host_app) supports Transcode, Decode and Encode use cases.

Transcode

The host application will read an input(.mp4 or .ts) file from the HOST machine and sends it to the zcu106 board; which is connected as an endpoint device to the PCIe slot of HOST machine. The data received from the HOST will be decoded; then again encoded with provided encoder type and mpegtsmux using VCU hardware. Transcoded data are written back to the HOST machine in .ts file format.


We support NV12 and NV16 formats. No need to mention format decoder will take care the format. Encoder will take the default profile for given YUV format.

Decode

The host application will read an input(.mp4 or .ts) file from the HOST machine and sends it to the zcu106 board which is connected as an endpoint device to the PCIe slot of HOST machine. The data received from the HOST will be decoded using VCU hardware; then writes the decoded data back to the HOST machine in .yuv file format.



We support NV12 and NV16 formats. No need to mention formats to decoder, decoder will take care.

Encode

The host application will read an input(.yuv) file from the HOST machine and sends it to the zcu106 board which is connected as an endpoint device to the PCIe slot of HOST machine. The data received from the HOST will be encoded with provided encoder type; then mpegtsmux using VCU hardware and writes the encoded data back to the HOST machine in .ts file format.


We support only NV12 format. Application only supports one format and user need to provide YUV file with that format only. The main aim of this design was to show case the VCU capability, that’s the reason we don’t have mux options.


The files in pcie_host_package directory provides Xilinx PCIe DMA drivers, for example, software to be used to exercise file transfer over the Xilinx PCIe DMA IP and run the transcode, encode or decode use case using Xilinx VCU IP on zcu106 board.

Directory and file description:

DirectoryFile description
xdma/Contains the Xilinx PCIe DMA kernel module driver files
libxdma/Contains support files for the kernel driver module, which interfaces directly with the XDMA IP
include/Contains all include files required for compiling drivers
etc/

Contains rules for the Xilinx PCIe DMA kernel module and software. The files in this directory should be copied to the /etc/ directory on your Linux system.

tools/Contains example application software to exercise the provided kernel module driver and Xilinx PCIe DMA IP

Steps to run use cases

  • The user needs to copy all the files from the $TRD_HOME/images/vcu_pcie/ to FAT32 formatted SD card directory
  • Insert the ZCU106 board into the PCIe slot of the HOST machine and power on the board; then power on the HOST machine

NOTE: Make sure, the ZCU106 board is powered on before booting the HOST machine to enumerate ZCU106 board as PCIe endpoint device successfully

  • Execute "lspci" command on HOST machine's terminal and make sure that "Processing accelerators: Xilinx Corporation Device a883" and "Processing accelerators: Xilinx Corporation Device a884" entries are listed; otherwise XDMA driver will not be able to recognized PCIe endpoint device. It throws an error like "Error: The Kernel module installed correctly, but no devices were recognized"
  • Copy the hosting package on to UBUNTU-18.04 machine
  • Run the below commands to Install the XDMA driver and compile the Host application(pcie_host_app)

NOTE: Root permissions will be required to install xdma driver.

$ cd $TRD_HOME/pcie_host_package

$ cd xdma

$ ./run_make.sh

$ cd ../tools

$ make

The Host software consists of the XDMA module with the following user access devices. 

DevicesAccess
xdma0_controlTo access XDMA registers
xdma0_xvcTo access userspace registers from HOST
xdma0_userTo access AXI-Lite Master interface
xdma0_bypassTo access DMA-Bypass interface
xdma0_h2c_0, xdma0_c2h_0To access each channel

 Finally, run the pcie_host_app on HOST machine then run pcie_transcode device application on ZCU106 board target to initiate the transfer.

HOST APPLICATION

Run the below command to initiate a file transfer from the HOST machine and transcode, encode or decode it from the ZCU106 device. After running the application on HOST user need to start device application(pcie_transcode) on the zcu106 target to initiate the transfer.

$ ./pcie_host_app -i input_file_name -o output_file_name -u use_case_type -d input_resolution -F fps

The user was given with the below options for transcoding, encoding or decoding the file : 

usage: ./pcie_host_app [OPTIONS]

-i represents input file name.
-o represents output file name.
        Default: out.ts.
-c represents encoder's l2 cache. It's a boolean parameter. Range of this value is [0-1].
       Default:1 [Enable].
-w represents encoder's low bandwidth. It's a boolean parameter. Range of this value is [0-1].
      Default:0 [Disable].
-f represents encoder's filler data. It's a boolean parameter. Range of this value is [0-1].
      Default:0 [Disable].
-r represents encoder's bitrate. Range of this value is [1-60000]. Unit is in Kbps.
      Default:60000.
-g represents encoder's GOP length. Range of this value is [1-1000].
      Default:60.
-b represents encoder's b-frames. Range of this value is [0-4].
      Default:0.
-s represents encoder's slice value. Range of this value is [4-22].
      Default:8.
-q represents encoder's QP mode. Range of this value is [0 or 2]. O stands for uniform and 2 stands for auto.
     Default:2 [auto].
-m represents encoder's rate control mode. Range of this value is [1-2]. 1 stands for VBR and 2 stands for CBR.
      Default:2 [CBR].
-e represents encoder's encoder type. Range of this value is [0-1]. O stands for AVC and 1 stands for HEVC.
      Default:0 [AVC].
-p represents encoder's GOP mode. Range if this value is [0, 3 or 4]: O stands for basic, 3 stands for low-delay-p and 4 stands for low-delay-b.
       Default:0 [BASIC].
-u represents use case type. Range of this value is [0, 1 or 2]: O stands for encode, 1 stands for decode and 2 stands for transcode.
-d represents input resolution. Range of this value is [1920x1080 or 3840x2160]: 1920x1080 represents width x height of input video frame.
-F represents input FPS. Range of this value is [30 or 60]: this parameter is used for encode use case.
-h represents help.
-v (verbose) print usage help and exit

DEVICE APPLICATION

After booting the ZCU106 board with the SD images, to run the transcode, encode or decode the use case first run the host side application mentioned above and run the device application on the zcu106 device with the mentioned commands below. The host application will send file data to the device for transcoding , encoding or decoding it on the ZCU106 device and receives the transcoded, encoded or decoded data and saves it on to the host machine.

pcie_transcode

1.3 Build Flow

Refer below link for Build Flow

Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC VCU TRD 2019.2 - Build Flow


2.3 Optimum VCU Encoder parameters for use-cases:

Quality: Low bitrate AVC encoding:

  • Enable profile=high and use qp-mode=auto for low-bitrate encoding use-cases.
  • The high profile enables 8x8 transform which results in better video quality at low bitrates.