Creating a Custom Yocto Layer

Table of Contents


This wiki shows how to create a custom layer in an open source Xilinx Yocto flow.  After creating the layer, it provides an example of creating your own machine based on a ZCU102 configuration.


Yocto Supported Linux Distro

Xilinx Tools Dependencies

These dependencies are not required for rel-v2018.3 and later releases.

Xilinx Open Source Yocto Installation

Creating Your Custom Layer

You may create your custom layer manually by copying an existing layer.conf, however, Yocto provides some helper scripts to automate it.  The bitbake-layers create-layer script will generate a base layer with a default priority of 6.  Once the layer is created, you can either add the layer to bblayers.conf manually or use the bitbake-layers add-layer to automate it.  Note that adding it manually will be faster, but may increase the likelihood of typos or syntax errors.  The sequence below is an example of how to apply these scripts.  You may cut-and-paste the commands below into a local script to further automate this flow.  The resulting layer.conf and bblayers.conf are shown below.

Setup the Bitbake environment.

Setup Bitbake Environment
source setupsdk
# Optional: Backup local.conf and bblayers.conf
cp conf/local.conf conf/local.conf.bk
cp conf/bblayers.conf conf/bblayers.conf.bk

Create your custom layer.

Create Custom Yocto Layer
bitbake-layers create-layer $LAYER
mkdir -p $LAYER/{conf/machine,recipes-kernel/linux-xlnx,recipes-bsp/{u-boot/u-boot-xlnx,device-tree/files}}
bitbake-layers add-layer $LAYER

The environment variable ROOT is defined in the "setupsdk" script.  ROOT is not defined in the Yocto proper "oe-init-build-env" script.

Custom Layer Directory Structure

After the directory structure is created, you can begin populating the layer with recipes, bbappends, patches, cfg fragments, machine configs, etc.  The recipe is an artifact of the create-layer and can be safely deleted.  You can continue expanding your layer to include recipes for custom BSPs, applications and other open source components or stacks.  At this point, it's pretty straight forward to put your layer under Git control.

$ tree meta-example
├── conf
│   ├── layer.conf
│   └── machine
├── recipes-bsp
│   ├── device-tree
│   │   └── files
│   └── u-boot
│       └── u-boot-xlnx
├── recipes-example
│   └── example
│       └──
└── recipes-kernel
    └── linux-xlnx

In releases rel-v2018.1 and rel-v2018.2, you may need to edit conf/layer.conf.  If there is a double backward slash “\\” in the BBFILES variable, delete one backward slash, so there is only a single backward slash “\”.  This is required for proper line continuation, otherwise your bbappend files will not be found.

Verify Your Layer

You can verify that your custom layer has been properly added to the Yocto build system by running bitbake-layers show-layers as shown below.

$ bitbake-layers show-layers | grep meta-example
meta-example          /home/emil/yocto/sources/meta-example  6

Removing Your Layer

To remove a layer, you can either manually edit the bblayers.conf or use the bitbake-layers remove-layer script as shown below from the build directory.

$ bitbake-layers remove-layer meta-example

Creating a New Machine Configuration

Now lets create a machine configuration that inherits all of the defaults from the zcu102-zynqmp machine.  The name of this new machine will be the tuple example-zcu102-zynqmp.  In the conf/machine directory of your custom layer, create a machine configuration file named example-zcu102-zynqmp.conf with the require statement below .  This will include all of the defaults from the zcu102-zynqmp.  At this point you can customize the machine by adding new properties or overriding any of the zcu102-zynqmp defaults.

require conf/machine/zcu102-zynqmp.conf

Now you can bitbake your new machine.

$ MACHINE=example-zcu102-zynqmp bitbake petalinux-image-minimal

Install and Build with Xilinx Yocto

Adding a Hardware Platform to a Xilinx Yocto Layer

Customizing Device Trees in Xilinx Yocto

Xilinx Yocto Builds without an Internet Connection


Yocto Project Documentation

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