Creating a Custom Xilinx Yocto Layer

Table of Contents

Introduction

This wiki shows how to create a custom layer in an open source Xilinx Yocto flow.  After creating the layer, it provides an example of creating your own machine based on a ZCU102 configuration.

Releases Supported

Xilinx Yocto rel-v2018.1 and later (Rocko 2.4)

Prerequisites

Yocto Supported Linux Distro

Xilinx Tools Dependencies (not required for rel-v2018.3 and later)

Xilinx Open Source Yocto Installation

Creating Your Custom Layer

You may create your custom layer manually by copying an existing layer.conf, however, Yocto provides some helper scripts to automate it.  The bitbake-layers create-layer script will generate a base layer with a default priority of 6.  Once the layer is created, you can either add the layer to bblayers.conf manually or use the bitbake-layers add-layer to automate it.  Note that adding it manually will be faster, but may increase the likelihood of typos or syntax errors.  The sequence below is an example of how to apply these scripts.  You may cut-and-paste the commands below into a local script to further automate this flow.  The resulting layer.conf and bblayers.conf are shown below.

Custom Layer Directory Structure

After the directory structure is created, you can begin populating the layer with recipes, bbappends, patches, cfg fragments, machine configs, etc.  The example.bb recipe is an artifact of the create-layer and can be safely deleted.  You can continue expanding your layer to include recipes for custom BSPs, applications and other open source components or stacks.  At this point, it's pretty straight forward to put your layer under Git control.

Verify Your Layer

You can verify that your custom layer has been properly added to the Yocto build system by running bitbake-layers show-layers as shown below.

Removing Your Layer

To remove a layer, you can either manually edit the bblayers.conf or use the bitbake-layers remove-layer script as shown below from the build directory.

Creating a New Machine Configuration

Now lets create a machine configuration that inherits all of the defaults from the zcu102-zynqmp machine.  The name of this new machine will be the tuple example-zcu102-zynqmp.  In the conf/machine directory of your custom layer, create a machine configuration file named example-zcu102-zynqmp.conf with the require statement below .  This will include all of the defaults from the zcu102-zynqmp.  At this point you can customize the machine by adding new properties or overriding any of the zcu102-zynqmp defaults.

Now you can build your new machine by specifying the MACHINE variable on the bitbake command line.

Adding an HDF to a Xilinx Yocto Layer

Customizing Device Trees in Xilinx Yocto

Xilinx Yocto Builds without an Internet Connection

References

Yocto Project Mega-Manual (2.4.4)